Zettler, I., Moshagen, M., & Hilbig, B. E. (2021). The dark factor of personality shapes dark traits. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12, 974-983. (download copy (PDF)) Tests the theoretical notion that D is the underlying tendency from which specific dark traits arise as flavored manifestations.
A comprehensive conceptualization for such a common core was introduced as the Dark Factor of Personality, or simply D . D is defined as “the general tendency to maximize one’s individual utility—disregarding, accepting, or malevolently provoking disutility for others—, accompanied by beliefs that serve as justifications” [ 48 ] (p. 657).
What is the Dark Factor of Personality? D is (rather technically) defined in terms of two components. The first involves the tendency to maximize one's individual utility while disregarding, accepting, or malevolently provoking disutility for others.
The Dark Factor of Personality: Determine your D-Score. Please select your language. Please select Arabic Bosnian Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Croatian Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hindi (Devanagari script) Hindi (Latin script) Italian Norwegian (Bokmål) Persian (Farsi) Polish Portuguese Portuguese.
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